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Summaries

Page history last edited by Phillip van Heerden 11 years, 9 months ago

 

 



 

5. Summaries, April 9 - April 22 2012

 

Week 8 - 9
Each class summarizes the answers received from the   Learning Circle partners. The summaries are posted in the Wiki.

 

 

 


Summary DG1, Agrani School and College, Bangladesh
 

Our question was -"What is the role of your government to make the country digitalized and making a digital generation?”. Thank you for your good answer. Here is the summary of the answer:

Summary, DG1: At this present age dominated by science and technology, all the countries, not only the developed one but also the developing and underdeveloped ones are also using computer, internet and advanced communicating tools for making their countries technologically improved.DG2 says that their government has declared Digital Bangladesh and developed some educational web sites where all information and resources regarding education, books, and syllabus and digital contents to use in classes are available.

Friends DG tell us that  their government has a big role to play when it comes to digitizing a country. Fist of all, the Government of Ghana (GOG) published an ICT for an Accelerated Development Policy that laid out a clear cut National ICT Policy. GOG also set a committee known as, “The National ICT Policy and Plan Development Committee”  to see to the ICT-drive in the country. There is an institution (Ghana-India Kofi Annan  ICT centre for Excellence ) that is Ghana’s first advanced  information Technology centre of excellence. The Ghanaian government in collaboration with a private company known as the rlg communications has launched a project under the theme “ICT as a tool for development at the basic level education. The initiative seeks to equip and empower basic schoolteachers and pupils with modern ICT equipment and skills to enhance their knowledge and capability in the use of modern technology.    The  “One Laptop Per Child” project is to enable each child in the Basic Schools have access to a laptop. The government is keen on improving the teaching and learning of ICT to bridge the gap of the country to the world. This project is yet to reach our school and we hope it does get there soon. This must be a great initative by the Government of Ghana.

DG9 seems to be in a very good condition regarding ICT. The polish government coordinates and monitors that the level of charges for the Internet access is not too high. Moreover, every person can use the Internet for free in most public libraries. Since 2011 it is also possible to get free access to the wireless Internet (BDA) after fulfilling certain conditions (which include paying some deposit fee).The Polish government has made the following declarations about digitalisation in the Polish schools:

DG10 tells us that their generation is well-provided by digital devices because schools are well equipped with them. There are computers in all the classrooms, there are many smart boards. Our teachers are being supported by the government for educating themselves in the field of digitalization (they write down our grades and some other data into evaluation books, have meetings etc.). they are so called "e-competent" teachers. They also have their own web pages and we can communicate with them by e-mails. There are useful exercises, games, films and songs on our school's English page, we also get homework. If teachers explain certain themes it is easy for them and also for us if they can show us images, graphs, videos, play music etc. with the help of interactive board - at the very moment when some kind of illustration is required.

 

 

 


Summary DG2, Oxford International School, Bangladesh

 

Summary from DG2 ICT in education is a compulsory part in all schools in most of the countries. The use of ICT plays a vital role in education system.DG1 say that their government has already started big project to implement ICT in education. But all schools are not getting same facilities. Urban schools are more facilities getting.In many of their schools they use computer, internet and multimedia. Gradually they will be more use of technology in the schools. For using technology obviously students are becoming more and more interested to lesson. The learning is becoming more effective.

DG 3 says that all schools cannot use multimedia. When students can not understand any point by using chalk or board, teachers use multimedia projectors.Their teachers use power point presentation and they have school web. DG4 tell us that their school has many ICT facilities, like many (apple) computers, smart boards and internet. In their school internet is free with the mobile phone or iPod etc. they use internet a lot when they are at school. They often go on internet during the breaks because they may not use our mobile phones during class.Some schools are very old and not very digitally but or school is pretty new and very digitally. They think that in the future their school is almost completely digitally and that every student has a laptop to work on during class. Friends of DG8 say in their school Internets are provided and students go there at set times. ICT Kits make the students more attentive to their studies because it makes the lesson more interesting and helps students understand the lessons.  The kits also encourage more activities to be done in a shorter time. This makes teaching and learning more fun and less stressful.

 


Summary DG3, Lorentz Lyceum M3b, Netherlands

 

DG1 and DG2: Downloading from internet the study materials is a great privilege. They believe that internet is a great source of knowledge. They have computer lab in their school with internet facilities. Students are allowed to use them. There are teenagers who feel fascination for visiting the prohibited sites and somehow manage to do so. They suggest regarding this issue is that students should be allowed to use internet but in a controlled way. In schools, teachers may guide them and parents may be advised to look into the matter at home. They can allow the children to use internet in a controlled way. Finally, children may be taught moral teaching i.e. which is good and which is bad for them. If children are brought up properly by parents and a sense of morality develops in them, the children will be morally develop.

 

 

DG3: That is our school

 

DG4: There opinion about downloading on the internet is that downloading isn’t forbidden. Because almost everybody is downloading songs on the internet without paying something to the artist. Nowadays you are allowed to download something on the internet. But you aren’t allowed to make a copy from games or software. But you’re allowed to do this with CD’s or movies. The person who had uploaded, is the one who is punishable. Because the person who has uploaded must have permission from the author. Downloading is a kind of copying. Uploading is illegal, downloading is legal.
They support this law, as long as you have permission from the one who has uploaded it on internet, they believe that you can download something without getting in trouble. They can imagine that someone who has uploaded is punishable. Because the person who has made it, has to put effort in  the song. Their conclusion is that downloading is punishable when you don’t need to pay for it. People who download must  pay lower fines if they take something from internet for free.   

 

DG5: They think that the benefits of legal downloading from the Internet is that you can get no fines, the download is faster and you can download without a limit. The downside of downloading legally is that you have to pay a certain amount of money per month to do this.

Legal downloading does not really have disadvantages.

A site commonly used for illegal downloading is Piraet Bay. But that site is no longer in use, because the administrators of that site have now been arrested. The punishment that is on illegal downloading are heavy fines, community service orders and imprisonment in the worst case. The reason that it is illegal is because it is theft.

Their conclusion: They think you can better download legally because you do not want to risk a penalty.

 

DG6: The music downloading of music has spread throughout the world. Artists are creating music and expecting monies from it, but then people that should have paid for the music by buying a CD are downloading the music and then the artist are loosing money. The Recording Industry is concerned about illegal downloading from the internet. It is decreasing CD sales and are caused directly by illegal downloading. The recording companies are now using strategies to fight against illegal downloading. 

In order to understand how downloading of illegal music got to this point, they want to look back to where illegal music downloading began.

 

DG7: Downloading from the internet has caused a big problem.  Illegal downloading has become the next phenomenon and it is so out of hand that it can not really be controlled any more.  To many websites exists that people can download files from and this makes room for people not wanting to purchase things any more. Music is being downloaded and this is really creating a big dip in the sales of music for artists and it carries a heavy weight on the economy. Movies are being downloaded while they are in the cinemas and people really don't go to the movies any more because they can download the movie and watch it in the comfort of their own home. Movie companies are loosing a lot of money and this is also closing movie theatres because people don't go to the movies any more. They think that people should really stop downloading illegal files from the internet, it is just as stealing and should be seen as stealing and jail time should be given to people that steal files on the internet. Not only to the people that steal the files but the people that upload the files to internet sites that gives access to these files in the end should be given jail time.

 

DG8: Downloading are files that are saved from a web page to a computer. Downloading is a fast growing trend amongst computer users and a worrying computer trait for artist, movie makers and game creators. It is easier to download than create your own thing.

For the downloader’s, it tends to be a good thing becomes mostly they are the people who cannot afford the good they download. On the other hand, the makers of these products lose millions of money. On the downloader’s point of view it is good so far as it is legal to download the said material. From the makers point of view it is a wrong practice because the artist work is not acknowledged.

 

DG9:  They think that downloading from the Internet is a very good thing. This allows us to download materials such as videos, pictures and music very quickly and easily. You can do it all from home and do not have to go to a library, video rental, gallery or music shop. It is very good, of course provided that downloading the things is legally allowed. People should always do it with respect to the law and those who have not complied should be punished. Overall downloading things from the Internet is a very good thing but there is a lot which still needs to be defined and deeply discussed as this is still a very new and difficult subject.

Illegal downloading is a big problem in Poland. Many people share and use pirate copies of software, music and videos. Almost every person probably has something which was downloaded from the Internet against law. Everybody knows it is wrong but nobody thinks this is stealing. There were many protests and demonstrations in the streets because people were afraid they will not be able to use the Internet in a free way, which includes downloading things.

 

 DG10: They think downloading songs, films, games and other material is illegal and not OK. They should use in accordance with some rules. They should only download free games, films, music. Many viruses can also be found on the internet and you never know.

 

DG11: Internet is a useful thing with which we can get information and files that are necessary for us. Internet makes our life various, more simple and gives us the ability to communicate with people from different sides of the world, searching for information takes less time.

 

Conclusion:  Everybody thinks downloading from the internet is bad, they have no good points about it. They find it useful but agree that it’s not fair against the maker of the films, music or game.

 

 

 

 


Summary DG4, Corlaer College, Netherlands

 

 

Dear learning circle friends. This is the summary that we have made based on the answers that we received from you to our question LC question.

We’d like to thank you for sharing your thoughts and information. We have studied your answers and tried to summarize them in a brief and clear way.

 

Asia:

In Asia they only have access to the internet if their teacher allow it. Some websites give out a warning when a student wants to open it.

However, some students choose to ignore that warning and continue loading the website despite the fact that it is registered as dangerous.

When the students want to download something, they have to request permission from the teacher.

 

Africa:

From what we have learned from our African learning circle friends is that they have proper access to the internet.

But not every school in Ghana is in possession of a computer. Sometimes they have to leave their school and head for a ICT-centre in order to get access the internet.

They have access to the internet in South-Africa too, but only to websites with educative purposes and thus not to games. The rest of the websites are blocked by their router.

 

Europe:

In Europe, the access to the internet is available in a more unrestricted way. However, there are certain limits too.

For example: at most of the schools you aren’t allowed to do anything with games and porn.

Some schools even choose to forbid social media websites such as Facebook and twitter.

 

In East-European countries, the access to the internet is not always available.

The reason is because some people live in distant parts of the country, where no internet connection is available.

Also, there are many sites from which the content is blocked.

 


Summary DG5, Vellesan College, Netherlands
 

We have set up three questions on media awareness;
We are interested in the development considering media-awareness in your country.

1. What is the definition of media-awareness in your country?
2. How does your school/your government raise media-awareness amongst teenagers?
3. Why do you think it is important (or not) that people are 'media-aware'?


All of the different answers we received were very interesting and diverse, though there were similarities on some points.
Most of you agree that the media plays a powerful part in today’s society and that it is important for teenager to be aware of the media.

Nowadays, the media is accessible in a lot of different forms – newspapers, the internet, radio, TV. Sometimes news is even transmitted faster by social media than by TV or newspapers.
In some countries, politicians even use twitter to help them in their campaigns.
Most of you, no matter which country or continent, have programs to raise consciousness about media awareness amongst teenagers. Most of them are set up by their own schools or by their government.

Even though everyone agrees that media awareness is important (mainly because it is of daily influence in our lives), some teenagers do not really know what the word means.

 

 

 

 


Summary DG6, Montrose Primary School (Grade 6A), South Africa

 

Dear GTP learners

 

The Montrose Primary Teams have learned so many things together. We have never done anything like this at our school so it was a big learning experience for our learners. One of the big things we learnt was responsibility. We only had a small amount of time to get all this information and all these answers out to you. We learnt a lot from all your questions as most of the questions answers we didn’t know ourselves. We also learnt many new ways to answer these questions just by looking at it and simplifying it to a way we can understand without to much research. In this experience we also got a chance to learn a lot about your countries and schools. With all this information we’ve also been able to answer your questions with more of an understanding on the subjects you all gave us with a much more open mind. We also enjoyed the questions you gave us most we knew we would never have thought of for ourselves which is why it was such an exciting challenge for us. We also were able to have more fun with computers as we learnt a lot about them in the process of answering your very interesting questions. At the beginning of this journey we didn’t do amazing with computers, to some us all of this was a completely different language as it was something we never be able to enjoy because to most of us this was another subject we  did the only difference was we were speaking to other countries which is why most of us joined at first.  

From South Africa Montrose Primary School.

 


Summary DG7, Montrose Primary School (Grade 6A), South Africa

 

Dear GTP learners

 

We at Montrose Primary   Grade 6 have gone through your questions and:

Us grade 6 in Montrose Primary have learnt a lot from all of your wonderful countries and we never knew that your countries have such an awesome digital generation. We grade 6 s have put a lot of work in answering your questions…… us grade 6s have tried our best in answering your questions and we see that you have also tried your best in answering our questions and we are very grateful and how we see this is by all the work you have put into it like: getting pictures and lots of information, making awesome power points and well of course taking lots of pride in answering our questions, I hope you’ll have learnt a lot from our county and keep that information for your future and also if you like you may also tell all of your friends. Not many of us have done this before (mainly us grade 6s) we hope to remember what you have thought us. We grade 6s never knew that you schools have such wonderful structures and buildings. We also have learnt that not all of our digital generations are the same but also in another way that they are very similar. When doing this GTP learning circle at start we were very, very, very, very exited and now we when we think about it was an awesome memories and we are very happy to make you part of our internet life and schooling life.  

 

Kind Regards: MONTROSE PRIMARY  GRADE 6 LEARNERS SOUTH AFRICA

 

 


Summary DG8, St Andrews JHS, Ghana

 

Our Question for our friends in the learning circle was to share their experience of how technology is being used for teaching and learning in their schools. We asked this question because it came to our noticed that when technology is mentioned nowadays, some people think that technology is just about computer and the Internet.

From the answers given we realised that our friends are aware that technology involves more equipment. They include computers, Internet, projectors, Grid boards, active boards, digital cameras, mobile phones, digital photocopier, the smart board (which was new to us and we are grateful to DG7 for showing us a picture) T.V and other ones not mentioned.

The most technology mentioned that are used in the schools are computers, Internet and projectors. We were surprised when DG 10 mentioned that their school’s kitchen has a computer because we don’t have even one in our classrooms.

We observed that for effective use of the computer there should be free access to the Internet. Though Internet is free in the schools we detected that students are not allowed to use the Internet without a teacher or parent monitoring or guiding them, which is a very good practice.

Competent and skilled personnel’s are needed when it comes to the use of technology. We saw that most of the schools have given some training to their teachers. More so it is the government that funds the teachers training and provision of the equipments. We learnt that technology aids in teaching and learning. It makes learning easier, fun and participatory. This is so because Students are allowed to handle the equipments just that a teacher guides them, if they are in school.

We also learnt that the use of technology saves time, making lots of things to be learnt in a shorter time. Learning is not in abstract when technology is used because there are pictures, diagrams, and videos to show to make what is seen irrelevant look relevant.


Summary DG9, GIMNAZJUM NR 8, Poland

    We chose the question about social networks, because we thought the digital generation couldn’t live without them. A lot of people can’t go to sleep without first checking the messages on Facebook or other sites. Thanks to social networks many of us get to know new people of completely different nationalities, from different parts of the world, while just sitting in our own bedrooms. This development of technology allowed us to create “global village”, where the distance is not a problem for anyone.

The most popular social networks

 

As we found out from some research (a survey) among teenagers in our school (Poland) the most popular social networks are: Nasza klasa - http://nk.pl/ (means: “our class” in Polish), Facebook, Po szkole - http://poszkole.pl/ (means: “after school” in Polish), http://www.fotka.pl/ (means: “picture” in Polish) and MySpace.

In the answers we received from you, we read about many local social networks. However the most popular remains Facebook. Only one school (from Ukraine) didn’t indicate it as the most popular site among social networks. Below you can see the list of the top social services:

  • Facebook – in 10 among 11 schools
  • Twitter – 8/11
  • MySpace – 3/11
  • Hyves - 3/11 (listed as popular only by the schools from The Netherlands)
  • MSN – 2/11
  • BBM - 2/11 (mentioned only by the schools from South Africa)
  • MXIT - 2/11 (mentioned only by the schools from South Africa; the network names itself as the Africa’s biggest)
  • Netlog - 1/11 (third on the list of top social network sites showed by the school from Slovenia)
  • VK.ru - 1/11 (the most popular social network among teenagers in Ukraine).


    We think that even if some local social networking services may be very popular, Facebook is still number one because it is global and fashionable.

Advantages

 

As we mentioned at the beginning, teenagers love social networks and easily notice advantages of being involved in them. They list the following benefits:

  • parted families, living in different countries, can keep in touch over the distance

  • social networks provide entertainment and fun

  • we can make friends (even from abroad)

  • we do not need to pay for it (cheap way of communication)

  • it’s an easy and fast way to find information about the others

  • you can stay in contact with your friends or relatives wherever you currently are

  • you can chat with friends (instant messaging)

  • you can share information and images among selected group of friends

  • you reach a great number of people at a time

  • you can learn or improve languages when socialising with people from other countries

  • you can leave comments and share thoughts and opinions in a quick and easy way

  • you can share your favourite music, pictures, video clips, etc.

 

None of the schools wrote about more ‘serious’ (e.g. social or political) use of those sites. Quite often places like Facebook are used to spread and promote political or social ideas. Here are two examples from our country:

 

FLASH-MOB – “Is a group of people who assemble suddenly in a public place, perform an unusual and seemingly pointless act for a brief time, then disperse, often for the purposes of entertainment, satire, and artistic expression. Flash mobs are organized via telecommunications, social media, or emails” [Wikipedia].

This activity is popular among young people who organize meetings, mostly in shopping centers and main squares in the city.

    The video below is from our city, Bielsko-Biala:

 


Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bACYZIS-7kg

 

ACTA (Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement) – in Poland this project was reflected in a large scale through Facebook, where protests against signing of the agreement were organized. This video shows how people reacted to the decisions of government in Bielsko - Biała, Poland:

 

 

Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hctxM7FcxSI

 

Disadvantages

 

Even though young people are so enthusiastic about the social networks, it doesn’t mean they can’t see any disadvantages and risks related. Among the dangers are:

  • becoming addicted

  • wasting time (sometimes instead of studying)

  • spending too much time in front of your computer (that is not good for your eyes)

  • giving out or stealing personal information, hacking in one’s privacy

  • leaving malicious comments, that can ruin your reputation or self-confidence

  • misuse of photos

  • affecting our privacy - sometimes our profile information can reveal too much

  • exposing oneself to sexual abuse (e.g. by paedophiles) or inappropriate content

  • social pressure to be involved (if you are not - you may feel excluded)

  • pretending a person you really are not “In net hero, in world zero”

  • you can’t entirely trust anyone

  • replacing “face to face” contact by chatting (some people may even have difficulties in personal contacts in real life)

 

Summary

 

In this project we’ve learned a lot about what do teenagers from other countries think about social networks. We’ve found out, that social services are very popular all over the world. Everybody wants to live in a “global village”, be-up-to-date and  keep in touch with relatives and friends that are away.

Quite surprising for us was the popularity of Facebook. We expected the local social networks to be more often used. It seems we all really want to be international!

The great majority of us think that social networks really are the future. Communicating, spreading thoughts and ideas has never been so easy (and cheap) before. We use that opportunity mostly for fun and pleasure. But we also realise that it can be also used to get information, organize social events or even start revolutions!

We are also aware of the dangers: getting addicted,wasting time and affecting our privacy.

The social networks make our life easier (end more enjoyable) but they are not the real life.

 

 

 

 

 

 


Summary DG10, OSNOVNA ŠOLA POLJANE, Slovenia

 

Our question was "What is your parents' attitude towards digital devices?" Thank you all for your answers.

 

Since we were very interested in what adults think of modern technology, and more specifically, of digital devices, we suggested a few questions. Your answers helped us to get a clear picture of how digitalised the generation of our parents is and to understand that although their attitudes, abilities, habits can be different across many countries and cultures, they still have a lot in common.

 

Do your parents know how to use them? How do they use them and what for?

 

As the students from Bangladesh noted, our parents do not belong to the digital generation. In fact, very often it is we, children, who become their teachers by showing, demostrating and helping them to use digital devices.

Their general attitude towards such innovations is positive and they are eager to learn how to operate them. They also encourage us to make the most out of modern technology. However, students from the Netherlands admit that Internet skills of their parents are not very advanced, mostly because many years ago they were trained in more manual crafts. They do, though, use their computers a lot both at work and at home. As students from the Corlaer College point out, their parents feel the need to keep up to date with innovative solutions and they want to »go with the flow«, which is true especially for their fathers. It appears that in many of our countries, mothers come across more difficulties and they mostly use their computers for checking e-mails. What is more, it seems that our parents, similarly to us, students from different countries, use the Internet and digital devices to socialise on networks, such as the most popular one - facebook.

There are many other reasons for adults to use digital devices, for example parents of Vellesan College in the Netherlands often track their kids' grades, absences or schedules of their children on a special website. They  also find the Internet helpful in checking and comparing prices of products, reading the reviews, sharing their own opinions, as well as operating their own bank accounts online. Futhermore, parents in South Africa believe that the Internet is the key to development and well-being of their country. Similarly to adults in Ghana and most of other countries, they rely on children if they need help with using digital devices, but at the same time, they use a range of different devices, such as smart phones, Black Berry Mobile phone devices and other. Those who work in IT field spend their entire working day using digital devices.

The survey conducted by the students from Gimnazjum nr 8 in Poland showed that all of their parents have positive attitude to digital devices and 80% of them admits it's very good. They use digital cameras, mobiles, TVs, DVDs and of course, computers. Similarly, adults in Ukraine understand the need to use digital devices and among the equipment they use for work or entertainment there are: built-in cameras, microphones, scientific devices.

 

Do they forbid you using them or do they encourage you ? How much time do they let you spend on the Internet?

 

It seems that most of our parents are enthusiastic about children using the Internet for educational purposes. They like the idea of search engines and easy access to information. They want us do make the most out of it. This might be the reason why one of the students in Ghana mentions that he/she does not have to stick to any limits as to the time spent on the Internet.

Not all parents, however, allow their children to explore the virtual world as long as they want. Parents in Ghana, for example, monitor the time their kids spend surfing the web and what they use it for. Those who do not set any rules, sooner or later, face some problems with students' truancy and laziness. Students from Poland carried out a special survey which showed that 10% of their parents allow for a 1-hour use, whereas up to 80% of parents do not impose any restrictions. Similarly in Ukraine, most parents do not mind their children using the Internet, but they do encourage them to control the time – the limit is usually 2-3 hours per day. Students from the Corlaer College in the Netherlands also admit that although their parents allow them to use the Internet, they start to complain and »moan« when their children use it for more then 3 hours. Other Dutch children have to obey certain rules – on weekdays they surf the web only to do their homework, using a special programme for studying, whereas during weekends they are free to use it for other purposes. Either way, they have to stick to a given time limit.

Some adults, are also concerned about negative effects modern technology may have on the youth, for instance by spoiling them or distracting them from studying. For these reasons, some parents of Bangladeshi students do not let their children to use the Internet at home. Dutch parents, in turn, are less strict in this respect. Nevertheless, worried about their kids' health and safety, they try to make sure they do not provide any personal information online.

In a nutshell, it seems that parents all around the world understand the need for digital devices and encourage their usage. They also rely on us a lot when something goes wrong or they are not able to use the device on their own. Our role in helping them is therefore very crucial. At the same time, however, they are very concerned about the dangers and bad influence that e.g. the Internet may have on their children. For this reason, most of them allow us to use the devices but within a given time limit. What they care about most is what we use such innovations for. As long as it is educational or at least safe, they are satisfied.    

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Summary from DG11, Kharkiv gymnasium №55, Ukraine

 

What do you think are the top two or three inventions in digital generation?

What makes an invention important?

 

Pupils from Netherlands think that  the internet is one of the best digital inventions, because you can find everything there: music, information and pictures. You can also play games and follow the latest news. Internet was invented in 1969 and was prepared by University Networks.

The internet is a network of computer networks. With the internet you can be in touch with everybody in the world through social media such as Facebook and Twitter. We totally agree with them.

 

Other students from South Africa paid more attention to mobile devices. They say that  mobile phone (also known as a cellular phone, cell phone and a hand phone) is a device that can make and receive telephone calls over a radio link whilst moving around a wide geographic area. It does so by connecting to a cellular network provided by a mobile phone operator, allowing access to the public telephone network. By contrast, a cordless telephone is used only within the short range of a single, private base station.

In addition to telephony, modern mobile phones also support a wide variety of other services such as text messaging, MMS, email, Internet access, short-range wireless communications (infrared, Bluetooth), business applications, gaming and photography. Mobile phones that offer these and more general computing capabilities are referred to as smartphones.

 

Finally most of groups said that the most useful invention is computer. Pupils from Slovenia even gave as a diagram of the most important digital invention in their school. We also received some answers in which you said that another important invention is mobile phone. And the last not less important thing – the Internet. No one of us can’t imagine their life without it.  

 

 

 

 

Montrose Primary School (Grade 6A), South Africa

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